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Qing Ping Jian

青萍剑

Overview

Qing Ping (青萍) is originally the name of an ancient sharp sword that was made to cut gold and jade. Due to this, the symbolism of this name is to convey invisibility. Qing Ping Jian (青萍剑) is a complete Chinese sword system. According to an 18th-century book, a Daoist monk by the of named Pan Zhenren created the system. He is said to be an excellent swordsman and scholar who meditated for years on Dragon & Tiger mountain as he developed his skills with the sword. His work set the foundation to create Qing Ping Jian and turn it into being a sword system that fuses the strengths of many martial art schools and Daoist theories.

Characteristics

Qing Ping Jian is comprised of 16 basic techniques that can be found in other classical straight sword systems. These techniques include: Dian 点 (point), Beng 崩(bounce), Ci 刺 (stab), Yun 云 (cloud circle), Mo 抹(wipe), Gua 挂(circle parry), Tiao 挑(pick upwards), Liao 撩 (glide up), Pi 劈(chop), Ti 提(raise), Bo 拨(poke aside), Chan 缠 (entangle), Jei 截(ambush), Lan 拦 (block), Chao 抄(seize circle), Sao 扫(sweep horizontal).


Yang Style Qing Ping Jian (杨式青萍剑) is made up of 4 routines that utilize these techniques which add up to 208 moves to master. The first routine emphasizes the foundation skills including stances, basic sword skills, and posture. This phase is designed to build the foundation and understanding of the 16 basic techniques, their applications, principles and how they relate to each other. The following 3 routines get increasingly more difficult and complex characterized by light, swift movements, turns and direction changes, with altering rhythms. Footwork is often evasive with the body moving one way, the feet another, and sword yet another. Because of the physical and technical demands of the Qing Ping routines, it is considered an advanced skill and students will need to have a solid foundation in bare-hand forms before taking on the challenge.

History & Lineage

Sun Wenbo ( 孙文渤, 1881 - 1960)

Sun Wenbo (孙文渤, 1881 - 1960) was a master of Qing Ping Jian. He was best know for his tremendous loyalty his country and generosity to those in his life. He began training with his father, who was a Shoalin Mantis Master at a very early age, however, he is most remembered for his development and training of Qing Ping Jian (杨式青萍剑) which is known today as Yang Style.

 

Early Life and Fundamental Training

Sun Wenbo (孙文渤) was born in Junmazhan Village, Cang County, Hebei Province, China in 1881 (Guangxu 7). Sun Wenbo started his martial arts training at the age of 5 under the instruction of his father, Sun Zhipu (孙芝谱), who was a famous and accomplished Shaolin Mantis Master (少林螳螂拳).

In 1895 (Guangxu 21), at the age of 19, Sun Wenbo (孙文渤) was sent to the city Yang Guanzhuang, in the Beijing Providence, in order to start his training in Qing Ping Jian (青萍剑) under Master Yang Yunqiao (杨云乔). Sun Wenbo would go on to train under Master Yan Yunqiao for six years.

Career and Master of Qing Ping Jian

Sun Wenbo would eventually leave the tutelage of Master Yan and pursue a carrier in the Chinese Army. In 1927, at the age of 46, he was a martial arts instructor at the headquarters of the Northeastern Border Security Army under Patriotic General Zhang Xueliang (张学良). General Zhang was a practitioner of fencing and held the art of Qing Ping Jian in high esteem. The following year, 1928, Sun Wenbo would be requested by the last Emperor of China and the twelfth emperor in the Qing Dynasty, Emperor Aixinjueluo Puyi (爱新觉罗溥仪), to personally instruct him in the martial art of Qing Ping Jian. He would continue to perform this task until 1933. It was in this year that Sun Wenbo was recruited by Patriotic General Yu Xuezhong to serve as the 51st Chief Martial Arts Instructor of the Hebei Technical Officer Training team.

Successor and Later Life

In the 1930s Sun Wenbo began to train a young Wang Qing Zhai (王庆斋) in the art of Yang Style Qing Ping Jian. In 1947, now Master Wang Qing Zhai competed in the last Northeast Fighting Chinese Martial Arts competition. He placed first in Qing Ping Jian fighting.

The image above shows Hebei Privince outlined in red.